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Honours

 

Military Valour Decorations

Background

Military Valour Decorations are national honours awarded to recognize acts of valour, self-sacrifice or devotion to duty in the presence of the enemy. The decorations were approved by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in 1993. They consist of the Victoria Cross, the Star of Military Valour and the Medal of Military Valour.

Victoria Cross
awarded for the most conspicuous bravery, a daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice, or extreme devotion to duty, in the presence of the enemy

Star of Military Valour
awarded for distinguished and valiant service in the presence of the enemy

Medal of Military Valour
awarded for an act of valour or devotion to duty in the presence of the enemy

Eligibility

A person is eligible to be awarded a Military Valour Decoration if that person, on or after January 1, 1993, was a member of the Canadian Forces, or a member of an allied armed force that was serving with or in conjunction with the Canadian Forces. The Decorations may be awarded posthumously.

Victoria Cross

Her Excellency the Right Honourable Michaëlle Jean, Governor General and Commander-in-Chief of Canada, unveiled the Canadian Victoria Cross at Rideau Hall on Friday, May 16, 2008, in the presence of the Prime Minister of Canada, parliamentarians, members of the Canadian Forces, veterans and other distinguished guests.

Partners:

The Victoria Cross was created by Queen Victoria in 1856, and was awarded to Canadians in all wars until 1945. The Canadian Victoria Cross retains the same design and the same awarding criteria as the British Victoria Cross.

Post-nominal: V.C.

Recognizes: the most conspicuous bravery, a daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice or extreme devotion to duty, in the presence of the enemy

Description: the Cross is a bronze straight-armed cross pattée, 38 mm across, with raised edges:

  • on the obverse is a lion guardant standing upon the Royal Crown, and below the Crown, a scroll bearing the inscription PRO VALORE, and
  • on the reverse, the date of the act for which the decoration is bestowed is engraved in a raised circle

Star of Military Valour

Post-nominal: S.M.V.

Recognizes: distinguished and valiant service in the presence of the enemy

Description: the Star is a gold star with four points with a maple leaf in each of the angles:

  • on the obverse of which, superimposed in the centre, is a gold maple leaf on a sanguine field surrounded by a silver wreath of laurel, and
  • on the reverse of which, the Royal Cipher (EIIR) and Crown and the inscription PRO VALORE appear, below which is engraved the rank and name of the recipient

Medal of Military Valour

Post-nominal: M.M.V.

Recognizes: an act of valour or devotion to duty in the presence of the enemy

Description: the Medal is a circular gold medal:

  • on the obverse of which is a maple leaf surrounded by a wreath of laurel,
  • on the reverse of which appears the Royal Cipher and Crown and the inscription PRO VALORE, and
  • on the edge of which is engraved the rank and name of the recipient

Wearing: as prescribed in the protocol for Wearing of Orders, Decorations and Medals (http://www.gg.ca/honours/pdf/wearing_e.pdf)

Related Information

For more information, please see the Department of National Defence Web site for Canadian Forces Honours and Awards: http://www.forces.gc.ca/hr/dhr-ddhr/eng/vc_gallery_e.asp

Updated: 2018-03-26
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